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Print version ISSN 1667-8682On-line version ISSN 1667-8990


ARBOIX, Adrià et al. Differential clinical profile of lacunar infarcts compared to atherothrombotic brain infarcts. Salud(i)ciencia [online]. 2018, vol.23, n.2, pp.121-126. ISSN 1667-8682.

Abstract Aims and objectives: The present study makes a comparative analysis between the clinical profile of lacunar infarcts (LI) and that of atherothrombotic brain infarcts (ABI). Methods: Hospital-based descriptive study of 1809 consecutive patients admitted over a period of 24 years with a diagnosis of lacunar cerebral infarction (n = 864) or atherothrombotic cerebral infarction (n = 945). A comparative analysis of the demographic data, cerebral vascular risk factors, clinical data and hospital evolution between both subtypes of cerebral infarction was performed using univariate and multivariate statistical methodology. Results: LI accounted for 26.5% and ABI for 28.9% of all cerebral infarctions in the registry. The variables directly and independently associated with ABI were: ischemic heart disease, previous transient ischemic attack, previous cerebral infarction, peripheral vascular disease, anticoagulant therapy, age> 85 years, vegetative symptoms, decreased level of consciousness, sensory deficit, visual deficit, speech disorders, and neurological, respiratory and urinary complications during hospital admission. In contrast, the absence of neurological symptoms at hospital discharge was directly associated with LI. Conclusions: LI and ABI have a distinct clinical profile. The best functional prognosis of LI during the acute phase of the disease is characteristic. In contrast, ICAs have a higher atherosclerotic burden and a worse prognosis.

Keywords : lacunar infarct; stroke; cerebral ischemia; atherothrombotic brain infarct; cardiovascular risk factors.

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