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InVet

versión On-line ISSN 1668-3498

Resumen

FERNANDEZ, S  y  CORDOBA, M. Cryopreserved bovine spermatozoa is capable to modulate its energy requirement depending on oxidative substrates to induce heparin capacitation in vitro. InVet [online]. 2014, vol.16, n.2, pp.69-78. ISSN 1668-3498.

The aim of this investigation was to study in cryopreserved bovine sperm the requirements of oxidative substrates during heparin-induced capacitation. Percentages of capacitated sperm and viability and acrosome integrity were evaluated by chlortetracycline epifluorescent technique and Trypan blue stain/DIC, respectively and lactate concentration changes in the incubation medium were registered spectrophotometrically and cellular oxygen consumption polarographically, in the presence of lactate and/or pyruvate as oxidative substrates. Percentages of capacitated spermatozoa incubated with heparin and lactate/pyruvate or pyruvate as oxidative substrates were significantly higher compared to the other treatments. The viability and acrosomal integrity significantly decreased in the absence of substrates in all treatments. In heparin capacitated sperm in the presence of lactate/pyruvate, oxygen consumption was significantly higher compared to the other treatments. Lactate concentration in the incubation medium, in the presence of lactate or lactate/pyruvate and heparin, showed a decrease respect to control. The combination of oxidative substrates lactate/pyruvate is the best option to maintain sperm viability, respiratory burst and produce a high percentage of capacitated sperm, ensuring an active metabolism in the gamete to cover the energy requirements of capacitation.

Palabras clave : Bovine spermatozoa; Capacitation; Oxidative substrates; Metabolism.

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