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versión On-line ISSN 1668-7027


MINERVINO, Ricardo A.  y  MOLINARI MAROTTO, Carlos. The role of extra-contextual and contextual similarities in analogical mapping. Interdisciplinaria [online]. 2004, n.esp, pp.221-248. ISSN 1668-7027.

The psychological validity of the treatment given to semantic similarity constraints in analogical mapping by the Structure-Mapping Theory of Gentner (Gentner, 1983, 1989; Gentner, & Markman, 1997), and the Multiconstraint Theory of Holyoak, and Thagard (1989a, 1995) was assessed in an experiment. Participants were asked to interpret an analogy in which, for some source elements, syntactic, and pragmatic criteria permitted alternative mappings, which were ambiguous when semantic principles were taken into account. Data showed that people base mappings on contextual semantic similarities, rather than on extra-contextual semantic similarities like the ones incorporated by these theories in their computational models. The results are discussed in light of the criticism formulated by Hofstadter, and the FARG Group (1995) of the way semantics is treated by the dominant style of modeling analogical mapping.

Palabras clave : Analogy; similarity; semantic.

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