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versión On-line ISSN 1668-7027


FLORES KANTER, Pablo Ezequiel. State of psychological empirical research on suicide in Argentine: A bibliometric study. Interdisciplinaria [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.1, pp.25-37. ISSN 1668-7027.

Suicide is a major problem of public health leading to great economic, social, and psychological costs worldwide. Around one million people die every year on the world due to suicide. Furthermore, suicide is responsible for half of violent deaths worldwide exceeding even the combination of deaths due to war or homicide. Taking into account the above, researchers around the world recommended concerted efforts to generate actions, research, and investigation with the objective of reduce risk to suicide. Therefore, evidence from empirical research supporting public health policies and psychological treatments is needed. The present article introduces a bibliometric study aimed to examine the state of empirical research on suicide in Argentina, and specially the amount of psychological empirical research. Specifically, research methodology consists of the following aspects: As regards the criteria of inclusion / exclusion of articles, the search focused on the detection of empirical suicide articles. In this sense, the main criterion for inclusion in the analysis was based on studies that have been published or were being published in scientific journals. For the aforementioned reasons, they were excluded from this study theoretical article, books, book chapters, theses, and conference presentation. Also, those articles that used the term suicide to address problems outside the addressed (e.g., Suicide Gene Therapy) were excluded from the analysis. In relation to the search strategy, the main database used has been Scopus, which maintains a leading position among bibliographic databases. In this sense, the journals included in the database have very high quality standards. The two principal terms used in the search have been suicide and suicidal. The selection of these two words is because account for the main variables involved in suicide, as expressed in terms such Suicide attempt, Suicidal act, Suicidal behavior and Suicide ideation. The full search term applied in SCOPUS is transcribed below: TITLE (suicide) OR TITLE (suicidal) AND NOT TITLE (suicidal gene) AND NOT TITLE (gene therapy) AND NOT TITLE (suicidal dna) AND NOT TITLE (suicide dna) AND NOT TITLE (suicide drugs) AND NOT TITLE (eryptosis) AND NOT TITLE (streptococcus pneumoniae) AND NOT TITLE (assisted suicidal) AND NOT TITLE (assisted suicide) AND NOT TITLE (iron suicide) AND NOT TITLE (proton suicide method) AND LIMIT-TO (DOCTYPE, "ar") OR LIMIT-TO (DOCTYPE, "re") OR LIMIT-TO (DOCTYPE,"ip"). Other databases consulted were LILACS and PUBMED. PUBMED is open access and is the main database of health sciences in the world, produced by the National Library of Medicine in the United States. These bases were mainly used to supplement the data obtained by SCOPUS and specifically, were used to achieve a broader and more complete picture of empirical studies on suicide, carried out specifically in Argentina. LILACS search term used was suici$ (Argentina). In PUBMED search term used was suici* (Argentina). The sign * and $ were used to retrieve words of the same family, such as suicide or suicidal. Finally, for the calculation of bibliometric indicators we took into account the suggestions given in the international literature. Thus, the following descriptive data were analyzed: number of items by country, number of items by country depending on the year, international collaboration of , considering year too, language of publication of articles, and thematic areas involved. Results show that scientific literature concerning suicide in South America is limited, even more in Argentine. Moreover, most research in suicide is based on medical rather than psychological approach. Indeed, regarding the number of publications (f = 443) in South American countries, they only represent 1.49% of the articles published worldwide. The scientific research on suicide is even more critical in Argentina. Specifically, when considering publications on Scopus, LILACS and PUBMED, empirical research in this country represents only 1.41% of the extant literature on suicide. However, in recent years there have been an increasing number of publications from which may reflects a burgeoning interest in this topic. Results also indicate a greater collaboration between Argentina and other countries, particularly United States, as indicated by co-authorship studies (f = 6). Surprisingly, collaboration with (main producer of scientific articles in the South American region) is scarce (f = 2). Finally, take into account publications from in research data bases analyzed (Scopus, LILACS, and PUBMED) we note that most research on suicide has been published in medical journals (f = 30;71.42%), while a lower number of articles has been published in psychological journals (f = 5; 1.19%).Globally, these results claim for more empirical research in suicide from psychologist, particularly in Argentina.

Palabras clave : Argentina; Bibliometric study; Evidence-based Psychology; Suicide; Researchs; South America.

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