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Andes

versión On-line ISSN 1668-8090

Resumen

VIGLIANI, Silvina. El sitio bajo del Coypar II: Las evidencias más tempranas (ca. 1000 ap) del proceso agropastoril en la puna meridional Argentina (Antofagasta de la sierra, Catamarca). Andes [online]. 2005, n.16, pp. 325-350. ISSN 1668-8090.

Bajo del Coypar II (BC II) is a collection of small structures placed at the Coypar Hill's side, in front of and surrounded by a great surface of pre - Hispanic farming fields of almost 1000 ha., (Bajo del Coypar I). In a previous paper it was proposed that this extensive agricultural production system began at the end of the late regional process (ca. 1300 BP) in association with the development of a main regional population center, La Alumbrera (Olivera et al. 1994), later taken and enlarged by the Incas. This paper have three aims: to know the kind of activities carried out at the BC II site, to define the association between this site and the agricultural production system, and to identify possible changes in the use of spaces through time.  At the beginning, it was thought that Bajo del Coypar II was part of a farming land enlarged by the Inca Empire. The research work carried out in the site allowed us to determine that -during the Latest Periods and in relation with the Inca Period-  there actually was a close association with the agricultural activity, as it is evidenced by the large quantity of pottery for storing and/or processing dried substances. However, they also reveal the existence of earlier domestic groups or units with an increasing development of farming practices. Thus, the agricultural activity was, in this part of southern Puna, much earlier than what we first thought.

Palabras llave : Farming production; Storage and processing; Household units; Inca settlement.

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