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versión On-line ISSN 1668-8090


TELL, S. The calendar of activities and the peasants' trade participation: Córdoba 1750-1850. Andes [online]. 2006, n.17, pp.85-137. ISSN 1668-8090.

This article analyzes the ways in which peasants and indigenous peasants participated in trade and their commercial circuits in Córdoba, between 1750 and 1850. It begins with the reconstruction of the basic foods and other products consumed in the small production units of "independent" peasants. The calendar of their annual activities is also reconstructed. Regarding this topic, the critical periods of seasonal work demand are analyzed in order to observe if seasonal workers were forced to work for large production units or   for arriería (cattle droving) and oxcart troops. Next, the composition of peasants' and indigenous peasants' money expenses is examined, distinguishing between those expenses imposed by the Church and the State, and those which were "socially necessary" or  caused due to the purchase of goods not produced in the households. The most common ways of access to money in the countryside are also considered. Finally, the peasants' and indigenous peasants' circuits in the market are reconstructed, both as reproduction strategies in relation to the other calendar activities, and as the ways in which the commercial sector obtained surplus from the households. This article ends with an analysis of the ways in which   the State and the market mainly exercised coercion on the small production units of "independent" peasants.

Palabras clave : Peasants; Tributaries; Calendar; Participation in the market; State.

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