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Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales. Universidad Nacional de Jujuy

versão On-line ISSN 1668-8104


BUSQUETS, Silvia Josefina  e  SOSA, Sofía Marina. Communicative intention development in children from 9 to 24 months old. Cuad. Fac. Humanid. Cienc. Soc., Univ. Nac. Jujuy [online]. 2009, n.37, pp.195-220. ISSN 1668-8104.

We try to identify and recognise a clear and precise outline of the development of children´s intentions used by them to communicate, since these are the basic capacities of language, to do this we study the development of these capacities, considering children whose ages range from 9(nine) to 24 months belonging to two different contexts: one down town urban context and the other peripheral urban context. For this research work, we use a theorical base that Halliday (1982)starts using in the study and analysis in the communicative intention, the author proposes the concept of basic functions of language, constituted: instrumental regulatory, interactional, personal, heuristic and imaginative becoming more complex in its evolution and other new ones, known as pragmatic and qualitative focuses quantitative methodology is found in the "quasi-experimental" one with this purpose a population of thirty infants between 9 and 24 months of two different sectors in San Salvador de Jujuy has been chosen. To form both samples we analysed the origin of the little ones that live with their families, that is to say the place they belong to, either an down town urban context (sample A - nurseries) or a peripheral one (sample B - Hospital play room) lacking a control group. Considering qualitative methodologies, we appeal to an etnografhic focus, because it offers a global dimension of the development of the communicative intention and it articulates with the quantitative methodology also utilised. After studying communicative intentions in little ones we conclude there is a coincidence in the appearance and evolution of the basic linguistic functions described theoretically, with the ones we researched in samples of the basic functions, they are instrumental regulatory and interactive, over the other ones. In every child there appears presymbolic, communicative kinds of behaviour during the personal function, with presymbolic gestures and with preverbals vocalization that went on longer than expected, during the child´s first life year. There is predominance of functional uses of language, called "protoimperative" because they are defined as a direct attempt to obtain an adult´s attention, towards an object or event. Protoimperative usage develops principally during the first sixteen months of their life. The personal function appears as a connection among the three firstones and the process of getting more complex later. These results coincide with the "protodeclarative" language, and here we realize that a child tries to cause the adult to do something. Discussions focus on complex axes, related to the meaning it has for the person in charge of the infant (mother-teacher), the place language has and its little relation to the evolutive character of the child´s communicative intentions.

Palavras-chave : Communicative intention; Language; Children; Development.

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