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Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales. Universidad Nacional de Jujuy

versão On-line ISSN 1668-8104


MARTINEZ, Maitane Arnoso; MURATORI**, Marcela; BOMBELLI*** -, - Juan  e  ZUBIETA, Elena. An evaluation of remunerative and restorative measures after  political traumatic  pasts: A glimpse into the argentinian case. Cuad. Fac. Humanid. Cienc. Soc., Univ. Nac. Jujuy [online]. 2017, n.52, pp.211-233. ISSN 1668-8104.

Since the end of the last military dictatorship (1976/1983) to the present, Argentina has implemented a series of transitional measures of remunerative type (such as the Judgments to the Military Junta or judgments against humanity's crimes taking place today) and restorative type (as public petitions for forgiveness by agents or State's representatives). These measures, along with others based on the right to truth, are assumed that in a micro-social level, help to dignify the victims of human rights violations and, at the macro-social level, allow progress in the construction of an inclusive history, the recovery of intergroup trust and even initiate intergroup reconciliation processes in (the social society). This article explores the knowledge, appreciation, emotional impact and perceives efficiency in a sample of argentine population (N=477), taking into account the level of exposure to violence and the ideological positioning of participants. From results it is clear that the available information about the remunerative and restorative measures is low, and this knowledge descends between the not affected population and in those ideologically self-positioned towards the right. The approval, perceived effectiveness and emotional impact of the remunerative measures are generally positive, though they change depending on these variables. The efficiency of the restorative measures is more limited and the reconciliation, which is considered desirable, depends primarily on the application of justice and punishment for those responsible for the violence

Palavras-chave : Argentina's dictatorship; ; Reconciliation; ; Restorative measures; ; Retributive measures; ; Transitional justice.

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