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La aljaba

On-line version ISSN 1669-5704

Abstract

SONCINI, Julieta. Gender and mortality. Which were the main causes of women's death, during the XIX last decade and XX first two decades in rural areas of southeast La Pampa, Argentina?. Aljaba [online]. 2010, vol.14, pp. 195-214. ISSN 1669-5704.

The main purpose of this paper is to answer the question of the title: Which were the main causes of women´s death? Women who lived in a rural areas during the XIX century last decade and XX century first decade. That was the period after the "Expedición al Desierto" (Dessert Expedition) which occurred in Argentina after 1880´s. The purpose was to expand the frontier to the south and to politically, economically and socially dominate Indian territories. The southeast of La Pampa province was incorporated at that moment and was named as "Territorio Nacional de la Pampa Central" (National Territory of Central Pampa) This study presents both quantitative and qualitative analysis and the interpretation of the written sources data and tombs. Main causes of mortality were those related to maternity, infectious illnesses, suicides and accidents. Some written sources allowed some gender interpretations on rural women´s roles.

Keywords : Women; Rural areas; Mortality causes; Fronteer; La Pampa; Patagonia; Argentina.

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