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Revista iberoamericana de ciencia tecnología y sociedad

On-line version ISSN 1850-0013


TORRES GONZALEZ, Obdulia  and  PAU, Bernadette. "Glass ceiling' and "sticky floor': Women's situation in the German and Spanish science and technology systems. Rev. iberoam. cienc. tecnol. soc. [online]. 2011, vol.6, n.18, pp.35-59. ISSN 1850-0013.

Germany is the fifth world economy and the first in Europe. It is recognized as a leader in science and technology sectors and it is the country with the second highest R & D expenditure in the European Union. However, it is one of the worst European countries regarding science and gender. The researchers not only face a glass ceiling, but also a sticky floor that illustrates the difficulties faced by women graduates in entering the early stages of an academic career. This paper analyzes the situation of women in the German system and compares it with the Spanish case. Corrected Spanish data are also presented, since those supplied by the INE to the European Commission were wrong. Finally, we recalculate the glass ceiling index and present a brief analysis of the formula used for the calculation.

Keywords : Science; Gender; Glass ceiling index; Sticky floor; Germany; Spain.

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