Ciencia del suelo
versión On-line ISSN 1850-2067
CASTIGLIONI, Mario Guillermo et al. Water movement in some Argiudolls of the rolling Pampa differing in their clay mineralogy. Cienc. suelo [online]. 2007, vol.25, n.2, pp. 109-121. ISSN 1850-2067.
Typic and Vertic Argiudolls, which differ in the composition of their clay fraction, are the zonal soils in the Rolling Pampa of Argentina. The aim of this work has been to analize the relationship between water movement and diverse soil properties in some representative soils of the Rolling Pampa, differing in their clay mineralogy. The A, BA/ BE, Bt and BC horizons of two Typic and one Vertic Argiudolls were sampled and a number of properties related with clay content and clay type were measured. Soil porosity and soil water movement were also evaluated through different techniques. In the Bt horizons, those parameters integrating clay type together with clay content, as COLE and CEC, have shown a better relationship with soil water movement than considering clay quantity alone. Clods from Bt horizons of studied soils have shown to differ in their internal structural porosity and this led to different diffusivity and unsaturated (at 50% water holding capacity) hydraulic conductivity results. In upper soil horizons, characterized by a lower clay content and a greater biological activity, water movement was not related to clay mineralogy.
Palabras clave : Smectite; COLE; Soil carbon; Porosity; Water movement.