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Ciencia del suelo

versión On-line ISSN 1850-2067


DA SILVA, Alexandre Marco. Regional scale modeling of erosion related to land cover evolution: a case study in brazilian southeastern region. Cienc. suelo [online]. 2008, vol.26, n.2, pp. 153-160. ISSN 1850-2067.

Accelerated soil erosion is, at present, one of the most widespread environmental problems in the world. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have become an essential tool in soil erosion studies and consequently in the development of appropriate soil conservation strategies. The objective of this paper was to assess the degree of soil erosion associated with land cover dynamics through GIS analysis and to validate the modeling with indicators of soil erosion. Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) model, GIS technology and ground-truth dataset (erosion indicators) were employed to elaborate the soil loss maps for four dates at Sorocaba Municipality (SP, Brazil). It was verified that, although the predicted soil loss rate is normally small along the study area, such rate is significantly greater than the soil formation rate. This shows a non-sustainable situation of soil and land cover management. Unplanned urban expansion seems be the main driving force that acts in increasing the erosion risk/occurrence along the study area.

Palabras clave : Environmental change; Water erosion; USLE; GIS.

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