Cuadernos de antropología social
versión On-line ISSN 1850-275X
BULIUBASICH, Catalina y RODRIGUEZ, Héctor E.. La noción de trabajo en la construcción de la identidad: indígenas y criollos en el Pilcomayo salteño. Cuad. antropol. soc. [online]. 2002, n.16, pp. 185-209. ISSN 1850-275X.
Due to the claim to own the land made by indigenous communities from Chaco -mostly Wichi- bordering the Salta 's Pilcomayo , this analysis was aimed to consider the factors that have intervened in the construction of the indigenous identity, especially in opposition to the criollos occupying the same area. The latter, distributed according to a pattern of scattered settlements, engage in cattle grazing, while indigenous people develop subsistence activities, both the traditional ones, such as fishing in the river, hunting, gathering wild fruits and limited farming and those not so traditional, such as craftmanship to be sold, or temporary workforce. Such differences in the use of the forest have provoked conflicts for the land between the parties. Those disagreements have contributed to the construction of the indigenous identity, and the different views on the concept of labor held by both groups have a relevant place in such construction.
Palabras clave : Labor; Identity; Criollos; Indigenous people; Pilcomayo.