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 issue3Ictioarqueología del Sitio La Bellaca 2 (Pdo. de Tigre, Pcia. de Buenos Aires)Informe preliminarPautas para el reconocimiento de conjuntos óseos antrópicos y no antrópicos de guanaco en Patagonia author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Intersecciones en antropología

On-line version ISSN 1850-373X


GOMEZ OTERO, Julieta; MARANI, Hernán  and  PEREZ, Sergio Iván. Aprovechamiento integral de guanacos en Península Valdés, prov. del Chubut: Estudio arqueofaunístico del sitio la Armonía (Muestreo 2). Intersecciones antropol. [online]. 2002, n.3, pp.17-29. ISSN 1850-373X.

La Armonía Site is located in a sand dune environment 300 m from the sea on the San Matías gulf coast, Península Valdés, Argentina. In this paper we present the results of the archaeofaunal analyses of guanaco bones of the La Armonía Site Sample 2, from which 891 lithic artifacts, ceramics and faunal materials of molluscs, fish, birds, rodents, and marine mammals were also recovered. Guanaco bones dominated the faunal assemblage, with 1,151 specimens and a density of 107 specimens/m². The MNI demonstrated the presence of 12 guanacos: nine adults, two offspring and one old adult. Guanacos are represented by all skeletal parts of different economic value. Eighty two percent of specimens were extensively broken, especially the long bones. Seven hundred and fifty two specimens showed different kind of marks; some related to butchering and/or meat and marrow extraction, others related to carnivore and rodent action, and the rest exhibiting more than one kind of mark. Carnivore action was important: 35% of the specimens were attacked by scavengers. A sample of guanaco bones was dated to 460 ± 40 years 14C BP/1305-1447 years cal AD (2 sigmas). We argue that La Armonía Site Sample 2 represents a primary and secondary guanaco bone discard area of a base camp occupied in the warm season over several days.

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