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Intersecciones en antropología

versión On-line ISSN 1850-373X


BONOMO, Mariano; LEON, Diego Catriel; TURNES, Lucas  y  APOLINAIRE, Eduardo. New Research On The Prehispanic Occupation Of The Pampean Coast During The Late Holocene: Claromecó 1 Archaeological Site (Tres Arroyos, Buenos Aires Province.). Intersecciones antropol. [online]. 2008, n.9, pp.25-41. ISSN 1850-373X.

The archaeological materialsavailable for understanding the Holocene human occupation of the Pampean coast consist almost exclusively of lithic artifacts deposited on the surface of dune strips. In this context Claromecó 1 (CL1) archaeological site stands out because of its stratigraphic position and the preservation of bone material, which allowed us to establish a chronology. In this paper, the results obtained from the lithic, ceramic and faunal analyses carried out at the site are presented. Lithic and pottery technology, taphonomical history, stationality, and faunal exploitaition were all examined using these different approaches. The results of the lithic analysis suggest that a high proportion of coastal pebbles were knapped using the bipolar technique. The characteristics of the lithic resources used at CL1 distinguish this assemblage from most of the sites on the Pampean plains. However, as with sites in the interior, the faunal research shows that in CL1 the origin of the exploited fauna was continental. Finally, the information obtained indicates that CL1 was a campsite occupied by pre-Hispanic hunter-gatherers during the late Holocene.

Palabras clave : Hunter-gatherers; Maritime littoral; Late Holocene; Lithic, pottery, and faunal analyses.

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