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Intersecciones en antropología

versión On-line ISSN 1850-373X


LOPEZ M, Patricio et al. Camélidos domésticos en el Valle de Mauro (Norte Semiárido, Chile): múltiples análisis para un mismo problema. Intersecciones antropol. [online]. 2015, vol.16, n.1, pp.101-114. ISSN 1850-373X.

The Valley of Mauro (31° S) has a long occupational history from the Middle Archaic (c. 7500 years BP) to the present. Most of the pre-Hispanic cultural manifestations of the inland southern zone of the Semiarid North of Chile were identified in this valley. Camelids were exploited during the entire occupational sequence, principally as the main meat resource. However, changes in their exploitation can be observed from the Late Archaic through the Late Period, especially under the influence of Tawantinsuyu. One of the main transformations is the appearance of domestic camelids in the record. The paper discusses whether they were introduced or locally domesticated as well as which factors could have triggered their incorporation. Results of the zooarchaeological and osteometric analyses were compared with stable isotopes results and paleoenvironmental data. A direct correlation between changes in camelid size and diet was observed from the Late Archaic to the Late Period in the valley, reinforcing the idea of the introduction of domestic camelids and local breeding beginning in the Intermediate Late Period and consolidating during the Late Period.

Palabras clave : Semiarid North; Chile; Camelids; Osteometry; Stable Isotopes.

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