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Intersecciones en antropología

versión On-line ISSN 1850-373X

Resumen

CASTRO, Juan Carlos  y  DEL PAPA, Mariano Carlos. La estructura del registro bioarqueológico del río Uruguay inferior: Análisis de la colección osteológica humana del Museo Arqueológico Manuel Almeida (Gualeguaychú, Entre Ríos). Intersecciones antropol. [online]. 2015, vol.16, n.1, pp.195-205. ISSN 1850-373X.

This paper presents the initial results of a bioarchaeological study of a previously unstudied collection of human remains, part of the collection of the Archaeological Museum Manuel Almeida, city of Gualeguaychú (Entre Ríos province). The collection’s general structure was calculated on the basis of various indicators of abundance (NISP, MNE and MNI), sex-age estimates, and spatiotemporal distribution. In addition, three new radiocarbon dates from the lower Uruguay River are presented. Based on this new information, an initial characterization of the structure of the bioarchaeological record is provided and aspects of the pre-Hispanic occupation of the area are discussed. Results show that the collection comes from twelve archaeological sites, comprises 1351 bone specimens, and has a MNE of 1074. Based on the cranial record, a NMI of 80 was calculated. It was estimated that there were two subadults and 20 adults, of whom 11 were female and nine male. In conclusion, it is suggested that the sample is evidence of the use of raised coastal landforms as places of burial, a recurrent practice during the late Holocene.

Palabras clave : Argentine Northeast; Osteological collections; Late Holocene.

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