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vol.17 issue3Análisis tecnomorfológicos y tendencias cronológicas del conjunto cerámico del sitio Loma Ruíz 1 (transición pampeano-patagónica oriental): Aportes para Pampa y NorpatagoniaPrimeras aproximaciones a la identificación de técnicas de procesamiento en carporrestos de Zea mays L.: detección de granos hervidos en restos arqueobotánicos secos y carbonizados author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Intersecciones en antropología

On-line version ISSN 1850-373X


SCHEINSOHN, Vivian et al. Identificación taxonómica mediante Citocromo b: Su aplicación a un caso arqueológico patagónico. Intersecciones antropol. [online]. 2016, vol.17, n.3, pp.281-289. ISSN 1850-373X.

First results for taxonomic identification by cytochrome b on Patagonian subactual and archaeological (Late Holocene) bone samples are presented. The low identifiability level achieved at Acevedo 1 archaeological site (Río Pico, Chubut, Argentina), by traditional zooarchaeological analysis, and the need of the EAAF Laboratory of Forensic Genetics to identify vertebrate species in forensic contexts, took us to work jointly on the analysis of cytochrome b in non-human bones. Subactual sample taxonomic identification obtained with this analysis confirms the effectiveness of the protocols followed in the laboratory. Its application to archaeological contexts, as evidenced by the results obtained in this work, will depend on the degradation of the materials. In the case of Acevedo 1, analysis provided the first archaeological identification of huemul in Central Andean Chubut, obtained by a combination of cytochrome b analysis with comparative bone morphology. Despite the positive results, the destructive nature of the analysis and high costs make their application should be adequately evaluated according to the archaeological problem under study.

Keywords : Cytochrome b; Mitochondrial DNA; Patagonia; Bones; Zooarchaeology.

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