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Intersecciones en antropología

On-line version ISSN 1850-373X


RINDEL, Diego D et al. Investigaciones arqueológicas en el noreste de Neuquén: evidencias materiales y tendencias distribucionales preliminares. Intersecciones antropol. [online]. 2018, vol.19, n.2, pp.99-110. ISSN 1850-373X.

The northeast of Neuquén, in particular the region occupied by the Sierra del Auca Mahuida and surrounding areas, presents few archaeological studies. The main objective of this paper is to estimate the intensity and characteristics of human occupation in this region throughout the Holocene. The results of four periods of fieldwork and laboratory analyses indicate that there are important differences in the recovered archaeological evidence among the areas of the study region. The highest intensity of occupation is observed in the Bajo del Añelo, while the Sierra Auca Mahuida and the Colorado River basin show a lower frequency of occupation. The spatial differences in the archaeological evidence and the frequency of sites, together with the environmental variability observed in the region, suggest a seasonal and complementary use of the highlands of the Sierra and the lowlands of the Colorado River and Bajo del Añelo. In this sense, water availability, low winter temperatures, and seasonal variation in guanaco availability probably had a great influence on the dynamics inferred for prehistoric human populations in the study region.

Keywords : Northwest Patagonia; Hunter-gatherers; Space use; Artefactual distributions.

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