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Intersecciones en antropología

versión On-line ISSN 1850-373X

Resumen

SALVI, Valeria Franco; ANGIORAMA, Carlos  y  CORONEL, Alexis. Paisajes agrarios y transformaciones sociales en el San Juan Mayo y sureste de la cuenca de Pozuelos (Provincia de Jujuy, Argentina). Intersecciones antropol. [online]. 2019, vol.20, n.1, pp.55-68. ISSN 1850-373X.

This article presents the results obtained from the study of the agrarian landscape of two archaeological areas occupied by populations with shared identity traits that, in terms of their material culture, are known as the Yavi culture, direct ancestors of the Chicha nation. The analysis concerned the transformations that took place during the tenth through sixteenth centuries AD, principally the impact of the disintegration of the exchange networks of the “middle horizon,” endemic conflict, and the formation of Tawantinsuyu. Both towns studied were affected by the same set of circumstances, although the social logic used to address events contradicts traditional archaeological discourse. Based on a critical analysis of the agrarian landscape, it was possible to recognize that the processes of agricultural intensification in the middle basin of the San Juan river were managed through community work. In contrast, the supra-domestic management of agricultural fields in the settlement of Moreta did not lead to the intensification of production. These examples contradict previous explanations that, when faced with such events, assume that processes of agricultural intensification and social inequality are complementary factors.

Palabras clave : Agrarian landscape; Social transformations; Jujuy puna.

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