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Intersecciones en antropología

On-line version ISSN 1850-373X


MIYANO, Juan Pablo. Estrategias de caza y pastoreo de camélidos entre las sociedades agropastoriles (ca. siglos IV a.C. - XVI d.C.) del oeste tinogasteño (Catamarca, Argentina). Una aproximación desde los isótopos estables. Intersecciones antropol. [online]. 2020, vol.21, n.1, pp.17-28. ISSN 1850-373X.

CAMELID HUNTING AND HERDING STRATEGIES AMONG AGROPASTORALIST SOCIETIES OF WESTERN TINOGASTA, CATAMARCA, ARGENTINA (C.400 B.C. – A.D. 1600): A STABLE ISOTOPE APPROACH. This paper addresses camelid hunting and herding strategies developed by agropastoralist societies of western Tinogasta, Catamarca, between 400 B.C. and A.D. 1600 through the analysis of stable isotopes. Isotopic δ13C and δ15N values of 48 bone collagen samples of camelid (vicuña, llama and llama-guanaco) from several archaeological sites in the study region were measured. It is proposed that vicuñas were captured in two different sectors of the transitional puna of Chaschuil, between 3500 and 3800 masl and between 3800 and 4300 masl. Likewise, we propose the existence of two herding strategies, one related to a relatively long-distance transhumance and the use of pastures above 3000 masl and the other related to longer stays in lower areas (1400-3000 masl) where the llamas consumed wild plants and, possibly, maize. These strategies present changes and continuities through time related to environmental and socio-political changes in western Tinogasta.

Keywords : Camelids; Stable isotopes; Agropastoralist societies.

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