Revista argentina de cardiología
versión On-line ISSN 1850-3748
TRAVERSO, Sonia S. et al. Cold Pressor Test Myocardial Perfusion SPECT as a Predictor of the Development of Ischemia at Exercise in the Follow up of Asymptomatic Patients with Moderate Cardiovascular Risk. Rev. argent. cardiol. [online]. 2007, vol.75, n.4, pp. 264-271. ISSN 1850-3748.
Introduction Previous studies have published the correlation between myocardial perfusion SPECT (MP) during cold pressor test (CPT) and intracoronary acetylcholine and its usefulness as independent marker of endothelial dysfunction (ED). Objective To analyze the incidence of positivization of MP exercise studies in the follow up of asymptomatic patients with moderate cardiovascular risk (CV) and ED detected by PF. Material and Methods Of 301 patients of the PARADIGMA Registry (normal exercise MP SPECT and clinical probability < 20% of events at 10 years [moderate risk by Framingham index] 55 had positive PF (+) (18.3%). Prospectively and consecutively, 15 asymptomatic patients with PF (+), and a control group (CG) of 15 patients with negative PF, with paired sex, age and coronary risk factors (CRF), that accomplished a 12 ± 2 months follow up, and that underwent a new exercise and resting MP SPECT were analyzed. An MP extension score was used in a model of 17 segments. The CRF and the incidence of ischemia during follow up exercise MP of each group were assessed. Results Age: PF (-) 57.3 ± 8.9 versus TF (+) 52.5 ± 7.5 (p = 0,09). Positivized the exercise MP: PF group (+) 5/15: 33.3% and 0 in the CG (p=0.04). No statistically significant differences between CRF in both groups. Conclusions An abnormal MP SPECT during PF in asymptomatic patients with moderate CV risk differentiated those patients who positivized exercise MP studies at one year follow up and there were no abnormal studies in the control group.
Palabras clave : Endothelium; Vascular; Tomography; Emissioncomputed; Single Photon; Exercise Test; Cold.