Revista argentina de cardiología
versión On-line ISSN 1850-3748
MENDOZA-RODRIGUEZ, Vladimir et al. Coronariography by 64-Slice Computed Tomography: Diagnostic Accuracy According to Calcium Score and Heart Rate. Rev. argent. cardiol. [online]. 2007, vol.75, n.4, pp. 272-278. ISSN 1850-3748.
Introduction and Objectives Invasive coronariography (IC) is the gold standard for the study of coronary arteries with a low percentage of complications. Multislice computerized tomography (MSCT) allows the minimally invasive study of the coronary tree. The objective of the present study was aimed at determining the accuracy of MSCT in the detection of significant coronary stenosis (SCS) by calcium score and heart rate. Material and Methods The 62 patients enrolled in the study (50 males) underwent a coronariography with MSCT, and later the IC, with a mean of 45 days, after signature of an informed consent. Sensitivity (Se) was assessed, as well as specificity (Sp), positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and predictive accuracy (PA) per patient and arteries, according to calcium score and heart rate. Results Se, Sp, PPV, NPV and PA per arteries, with a calcium score lower or equal to 400 AU were, respectively 98%, 98%, 89%, 99% and 98%, and with a score higher than 400 AU, of 75%, 50%, 75%, 50% and 67%. In 54 patients with heart rate lower or equal to 65 beats per minute, Se, Sp, PPV, NPV and PA were 100%, 96%, 96%, 100% and 98,1% and in the 8 patients with heart rate higher than 65 beats per minute were 50%, 66.7%, 33%, 80% and 62.5%, respectively. Conclusions Calcium score above 400 AU per patient and arteries, as well as the heart rate over 65 beats per minute, decrease the diagnostic accuracy of SCS by means of MSCT.
Palabras clave : Tomography; Coronary Vessels; Angiography; Arteriosclerosis; Diagnosis.