Revista argentina de cardiología
versión On-line ISSN 1850-3748
AZZARI, Fabián A. et al. Loss of Ischemic Preconditioning: An Aging Related Phenomenon. Rev. argent. cardiol. [online]. 2007, vol.75, n.5, pp. 347-352. ISSN 1850-3748.
Introduction Age is an independent risk predictor in patients with coronary disease. This could be explained by the lack of adaptation to acute myocardial ischemia. Preconditioning is a mechanism whereby repeated ischemia episodes induce in the myocardium an increased tolerance to further episodes. Objective To assess the development of ischemic preconditioning in elderly patients. Material and methods Sixty five patients who underwent elective coronary angioplasty were enrolled (<70 years [n=47] and ³70 years [n=18]). Preconditioning development was assessed during three periods of coronary occlusion. ST elevation at the end of each dilation was measured by intra coronary EKG, and ST resolution percentage after the third dilation was recorded and compared to the maximum recorded value. Data are presented as mean and inter-quartile interval 25/75%. Results There were no significant differences in the clinical baseline characteristics. The maximum ST recorded, ST after the third dilation and ST resolution percentage were 14 (9/24) mm, 8 (4/14) mm y 23.8% (0/55.5) for the young patients and 9.5 (5/ 18) mm (p = ns), 6.5 (4/16) mm (p=ns) and 5.5% (0/20) (p=0.04) for the elderly. Upon stratification per age group, the ration of patients that reached an ST resolution ≥ 50% showed a linear distribution by chi square for trend (p=0.025). Conclusions Our study suggests that ischemic preconditioning would be decreased in elderly patients. The functionality of this mechanism would progressively decrease with aging.
Palabras clave : Ischemic pre conditioning; Aging; Angioplasty; Electrocardiography; Humans; Coronary Vessels.