Revista argentina de cardiología
versión On-line ISSN 1850-3748
BOERO, Laura E. et al. Biomarkers of Atherosclerosis and Indicators of Insulin Resistance in Non-Diabetic Acromegalic Patients. Rev. argent. cardiol. [online]. 2008, vol.76, n.3, pp. 173-179. ISSN 1850-3748.
Background Cardiovascular, respiratory and metabolic comorbidities associated with acromegaly contribute to a significant increase in the mortality of this disease. Many of these patients are also diabetic. Although it is frequent to find abnormal lipid and lipoprotein profiles in patients with acromegaly, controversial outcomes arise in an attempt to identify and/or establish the degree of the modifications of specific parameters. Objectives To assess the presence of biomarkers of atherosclerosis in non-diabetic patients with active acromegaly and its association with growth hormone (GH) and with insulin-like growth factor type 1 (IGF-1). Material and Methods The study included 14 patients and 14 healthy controls, pared by sex and age. Serum concentration of GH and IGF- 1 were determined by immunoassays. Indicators of insulin resistance (glucose, insulin and HOMA) were measured, as well as lipoprotein profile, plasmatic levels of oxidized LDL (oxLDL), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), endothelin-1 and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 activity (LpPLA2). Results Compared to controls, non-diabetic acromegalic patients had increased levels of GH (p<0.05) and IGF-1 (p<0.001), of indicators of insulin resistance (insulin p<0.001; HOMA p<0.001), triglycerides (p<0.05), apo B (p<0.001), oxLDL (117±20 versus 89±23 U/L; p<0.05) and endothelin-1 (0.9±0.2 versus 0.7±0.2 pg/ml; p<0.05). In addition, GH and IGF-1 were positively associated with (r; p <) insulin (0.40; 0.05 and 0.73; 0.001), HOMA (0.39; 0.05 and 0.74; 0.001), triglycerides (0.57; 0.05 and 0.64; 0.001), very low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (VLDL-C) (0.54; 0.05 and 0.47; 0.05), apo B (0.40; 0.05 and 0.54; 0.05), oxLDL (0.59; 0.05 and 0.66; 0.05) and endothelin-1 (0.55; 0.05 and 0.51; 0.05). Conclusions Non-diabetic patients with active acromegaly presented an insulin-resistant status, as well as subtle modifications of lipid profile and increased levels of oxLDL and endothelin- 1. These alterations could explain why these patients are more likely to develop atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in addition to acromegalic cardiomyopathy.
Palabras clave : Acromegaly; Atherosclerosis; Lipoproteins; Biological Markers.