Revista argentina de cardiología
versión On-line ISSN 1850-3748
TINETTI, Matías et al. Atrial Contraction Recovery After Left MAZE III Surgery. Rev. argent. cardiol. [online]. 2009, vol.77, n.1, pp. 7-13. ISSN 1850-3748.
Introduction Left MAZE III surgery has proven a high level of effectiveness in restoring the sinus rhythm. However, the effectiveness in restoring the atrial systole in individuals with structural cardiopathy and the prevalence of rheumatic disease are still uncertain areas. Objective To assess the effectiveness of the MAZE surgery in restoring the atrial systole in patients with structural cardiopathy. Material and Methods Prospective, consecutive study in 27 patients with persistent or chronic atrial fibrillation and recommendation for cardiovascular surgery, who underwent the MAZE technique for treating the arrhythmia. The presence of atrial systole was assessed by lateral mitral annular tisular Doppler. Results In a population characterized by rheumatic cardiopathy predominance (41%) and long arrhythmia evolution (61 months on average), 87% individuals had sinus rhythm and 80% of them had mechanical activity at the end of the follow- up. A history of rheumatic cardiopathy, an arrhythmia lasting more than 5.5 years, the fact of being female, and the mitral valve replacement were statistically significant variables, considering the absence of atrial systole. Factors like age, left ventricle ejection fraction, and left atrial size were not significant. Conclusions In this population, the absence of correlation between the sinus rhythm and the atrial systole is significant. The tisular Doppler is a useful method to identify those patients with no atrial contraction. The clinical impact of this finding is related to the decision on continuing the anticoagulant therapy.
Palabras clave : Atrial Fibrillation; Thoracic Surgery; Doppler Echocardiography; Atrial Appendix.