Revista argentina de cardiología
versión On-line ISSN 1850-3748
CERRUDO, Carolina S et al. The Role of Natriuretic Peptides in Renovascular Hypertension and Its Correlation with the Evolution of Myocardial Hypertrophy. Rev. argent. cardiol. [online]. 2010, vol.78, n.4, pp. 339-345. ISSN 1850-3748.
The interactions between pressure and volume overload that occur in hypertension lead to different patterns of cardiac hypertrophy and to increase natriuretic peptides (NPs) levels. The profiles of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) synthesis and secretion have been investigated in models of hypertension. However, the different evolution of these profiles during the acute and chronic periods of pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy is still unknown. For this reason, we studied one-kidney, one clip model using Sprague-Dawley rats at weeks 2, 4, 6 and 12 and correlated the evolution of these profiles with cardiac hypertrophy and hypertension. We observed a positive correlation between blood pressure elevation and the degree of cardiac hypertrophy, with a time-dependent increase in both parameters from week 2. Levels of BNP expression showed an early increase after 2 weeks of treatment while ANP increased significantly after 6 weeks. Neverless, the increase in ANP expression was gradual, allowing its correlation with hypertrophy and hypertension. The NP expression has a differential response in the early stages of the development of hypertrophy induced by the renovascular model, with an early increase in BNP expression. Once hypertrophy develops, BNP expression is no longer specific and the increase of both NPs depends on and correlates with the degree of cardiac hypertrophy.
Palabras clave : Atrial Natriuretic Factor; Cardiac hypertrophy; Renovascular Hypertension.