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Revista argentina de cardiología

versión On-line ISSN 1850-3748


ALBINA, Gastón et al. Is There Any Room for Adenosine Test in Syncope of Unknown Origin?. Rev. argent. cardiol. [online]. 2011, vol.79, n.1, pp.9-13. ISSN 1850-3748.

Background Few patients with unexplained syncope develop different degrees of paroxysmal AV block after the infusion of 18 mg of adenosine. Recent trials have reported that the positive predictive value of this finding is low; yet the use of the test has not been standardized. Objective To present our experience with follow-up of patients with a first episode of malignant syncope of unknown origin (SUO) who underwent adenosine test. Material and Methods We included patients with unexplained syncope and severe trauma in a consecutive and prospective fashion. None of the patients had a previous history of syncope, and vasovagal syncope was not suspected. Structural heart diseases were ruled out. Neurological and cardiovascular tests were normal (including sensitized TT). All the participants underwent adenosine test after the electrophisiologic study. A bolus of 18 mg of adenosine was administered via the femoral vein under continuous electrocardiographic monitoring. A positive test was defined by the development of complete AV block with pauses longer than 6 seconds. Results Between 1999 and 2009, adenosine test was performed in 29 patients (mean age 63±12 years, 17 were women). The test was positive in 7 patients, and the mean duration of pauses was 10.185±3.430 ms. Mean age in this group was 64±13 years, 13 were women. The test was negative in the remaining 12 patients (59±11 years, mean pauses 2.570±1.067 ms. All patients were received information about hygienic and dietetic measures to prevent neurocardiogenic syncope, and a definite pacemaker was implanted in 9 patients with positive adenosine test. Follow-up was 51±37 months. Syncope recurrence occurred in only 2 patients with positive adenosine test who did not undergo pacemaker implantation. Conclusions Patients with syncope of unknown origin and initial high risk represent a population of low clinical risk during followup, with low recurrence rate regardless of the therapeutic strategy used.

Palabras clave : Syncope; Adenosine; Heart Diseases.

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