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Revista argentina de cardiología

On-line version ISSN 1850-3748


AGUIRRE, Sofía et al. Fetal Programming of Hypertension Induced by Moderate Zinc Restriction during Prenatal Life and Lactation: Early Morphological and Functional Alterations in Cardiovascular System in Both SexesFetal Programming of Hypertension induced by Moderate Zinc Restriction during Prenatal Life and Lactation: early Morphological and Functional alterations in cardiovascular system in both sexes. Rev. argent. cardiol. [online]. 2011, vol.79, n.4, pp.322-328. ISSN 1850-3748.

Background Several studies suggest that metabolic disorders and nutrition imbalance during prenatal life may induce adaptations that program cardiovascular diseases and hypertension. We have previously shown that moderate zinc restriction during prenatal life, lactation and/or growth leads to the development of hypertension and renal dysfunction in adulthood. Objectives To evaluate the presence of early cardiovascular alterations in rats exposed to a moderate zinc deficient diet during pre­natal life and lactation, and to determine whether there are differences between males and females. Material and Methods Female Wistar rats received low zinc diet or control diet from the beginning of pregnancy up to weaning. Four experimental groups were established at birth: males and females born from low-diet mothers, and males and females born from control-diet mothers. Male and female offspring were sacrificed at 6 and 21 days of life to evaluate body weight, heart weight, cardiovascular morphometric parameters and nitric oxide synthase activity in the cardiovascular system and cardiac oxidative status. Results The insufficient zinc intake during prenatal life and lacta-tion induced a remodeling process of the cardiomyocyte which was different in males and females, increased cardiac oxidative stress, produced a hypotrophic remodeling of the thoracic aorta and reduced nitric oxide synthase activity in the cardiovascular system. Conclusions This study shows that zinc deficiency induces cardiovascular abnormalities in early stages of development, which are different in males and females that may contribute to programming of diseases in adulthood.

Keywords : Blood Pressure; Myocytes; Aorta; Nitric Oxide; Oxidative Stress; Zinc.

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