Revista argentina de cardiología
versión On-line ISSN 1850-3748
CERRUDO, Carolina S et al. Natriuretic Peptides Synthesis and Secretion Profiles during the Evolution of Cardiac Hypertrophy in DOCA-Salt Hypertensive RatsNatriuretic Peptides Synthesis and Secretion Profiles during the Evolution of Cardiac Hypertrophy in DOCASalt Hypertensive Rats. Rev. argent. cardiol. [online]. 2011, vol.79, n.6, pp. 493-499. ISSN 1850-3748.
The interactions between pressure and volume overload that occur in hypertension lead to different patterns of cardiac hypertrophy and to increase in natriuretic peptides (NPs). The profiles of ANP and BNP synthesis and secretion have been investigated in models of hypertension; however, the different evolution of these profiles during the acute and chronic periods of pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy is still unknown. For this reason, we studied DOCA-salt treated Sprague-Dawley rats at weeks 2, 4, 6 and 12 and correlated the evolution of these profiles with cardiac hypertrophy and hypertension. Cardiac hypertrophy had a positive correlation with ANP expression in the left ventricle and with ANP plasma levels. BNP expression increased after 4 weeks of treatment while ANP increased significantly after 6 weeks. In addition, BNP plasma levels increased only in the group treated for 12 weeks, while ANP plasma levels increased from week 2. NP secretion has a differential response in the early stages of the development of cardiac hypertrophy induced by the DOCA-salt model, with an early increase in ANP. As ANP levels were exceeded to those of BNP in all the DOCA-salt groups, ANP might be considered a more specific marker of volume overload.
Palabras clave : Atrial Natriuretic Peptides; ANP; Cardiac Hypertrophy.