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Revista argentina de cardiología

versión On-line ISSN 1850-3748

Resumen

WILENSKY, Luciana et al. Effects of Strenuous Exercise on Baseline Ventricular Function and Inotropic, Chronotropic and Lusitropic Response in Mice. Rev. argent. cardiol. [online]. 2013, vol.81, n.2, pp.115-121. ISSN 1850-3748.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7775/rac.es.v81.i2.1891.

Mild to moderate exercise reduces cardiovascular risk factors, improves pre-existing pathologic conditions and develops adaptive cardiac hypertrophy. However, the myocardial response to strenuous exercise is scarcely known. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate baseline ventricular function and myocardial reserve (inotropic, chronotropic and lusitropic response to the ß-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol) in vivo and in vitro in mice following strenuous exercise. Methods Adult male FVB mice (3 months old) were used. The protocol exercise consisted in 90 min swimming sessions twice a day, 6 days/week for 4 weeks. Two experimental groups were evaluated: 1) sedentary group, with no exercise; and 2) exercise group, with full strenuous swimming protocol. Results At the end of the protocol, left ventricular mass increased by 27.9±4% with preserved baseline left ventricular function. In vivo and in vitro myocardial response to isoproterenol decreased with no changes in interstitial collagen. Conclusions Under our experimental conditions, a strenuous swimming protocol produced moderate cardiac hypertrophy with adaptive and maladaptive hypertrophic characteristics. Although baseline ventricular function was preserved with no changes in interstitial collagen, inotropic, chronotropic and lusitropic reserve decreased.

Palabras clave : Exercise; Hypertrophy; Ventricular Function.

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