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Revista argentina de cardiología

versión On-line ISSN 1850-3748


GARCIA ZAMORA, Sebastián et al. Recommendation of Smoking Cessation in an Adult Sample of the City of Rosario. Rev. argent. cardiol. [online]. 2015, vol.83, n.1, pp.49-54. ISSN 1850-3748.

Backgroung: Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death worldwide; nevertheless, many physicians do not advice to quit smoking. Objectives: The goal of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the characteristics of tobacco use and the frequency of smoking cessation recommendation in adults in the city of Rosario between July and December 2010. Methods: A closed survey was performed to adults attending the seven districts of the city of Rosario for reasons not related to health care, using a prearranged questionnaire based on non-probability convenience sampling. Results: A total of 1,217 volunteers were surveyed; 57% were women and 11% worked in health care sectors. Mean age was 48 years; 28% were current smokers and 24% were former smokers. The median number of attempts to quit smoking was lower in former smokers (1 vs. 3 times; p < 0.0001). Of those who received advice to quit smoking, 72.5% attempted to do so during the preceding year, while 57% of those not receiving advice tried to quit smoking (p = 0.003). A multiple correspondence factor analysis with subsequent classification showed that current smokers who did not attempt cessation started smoking later in life and smoked fewer cigarettes per day. Conclusions: The quality of the recommendation for smoking cessation and the self-perception of the risk associated with this addiction are aspects that are not systematically taken into account when this topic is raised. We consider that the present study emphasizes the importance of theses aspects, which should undergo further evaluation in the future for a better approach to the complexity of achieving tobacco cessation.

Palabras clave : Smoking Cessation; Risk Factors; Prevention; Antismoking Campaigns.

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