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Revista argentina de cardiología

On-line version ISSN 1850-3748


MAURO, JULIETA S. DEL et al. Effects of Chronic Carvedilol administration on blood Pressure Variability and target Organ injury in rats with sinoaortic Denervation. Rev. argent. cardiol. [online]. 2015, vol.83, n.3, pp.1-10. ISSN 1850-3748.

background: Increased blood pressure variability is a novel risk factor for the development of target organ injury both in hyperten-sive and normotensive subjects, so its reduction should be considered as a new therapeutic goal. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of long-term oral carvedilol treatment on blood pressure, blood pressure variability and target organ injury in the left ventricle and thoracic aorta in a model of blood pressure liability. Methods: Twelve male Wistar rats submitted to sinoaortic denervation were treated during 8 weeks with a single dose of carvedilol 30 mg/kg or vehicle. At the end of treatment, echocardiographic evaluation and blood pressure and short-term variability measure-ments were performed. Left ventricular and thoracic aortic weights were determined and histological samples were prepared from both tissues. Metalloproteinase MMP-2 and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) were quantified in the left ventricle and thoracic aorta. results: Carvedilol reduced systolic blood pressure and its variability in sinoaortic-denervated rats compared with the control group (126±5 vs. 142±11 mmHg, p<0.05; SD: 2.9±0.5 vs. 6.0±0.5 mmHg; p<0.05). A lower amount of connective tissue was found in carvedilol-treated animals. The expression of TGF-β decreased in both organs after carvedilol treatment. Conclusions: Chronic carvedilol treatment significantly reduces systolic blood pressure and its short-term variability in sinoaortic-denervated rats, decreasing the degree of left ventricular fibrosis.

Keywords : Carvedilol - Target Organ Injury - Sinoaortic Denervation - Blood Pressure Variability - Ventricular Hypertrophy.

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