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Revista argentina de cardiología

versión On-line ISSN 1850-3748

Resumen

GOBBO, MAGALI Y. et al. INOCA: Non-Invasive Assessment of the Pathophysological Mechanisms Using CZT-SPECT. Rev. argent. cardiol. [online]. 2022, vol.90, n.3, pp.194-202.  Epub 01-Jun-2022. ISSN 1850-3748.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7775/rac.es.v90.i3.20522.

Background:

One of the causes of INOCA (Ischemia with Non- Obstructive Coronary Arteries) is microvascular dysfunction (MVD), which can be noninvasively assessed through the quantification of myocardial blood flow (MBF) and myocardial flow reserve (MFR).

Dynamic myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) by CZT-SPECT at rest, with dipyridamole stress test and cold pressor test (CPT) can establish the presence of two different pathophysiological mechanisms of MVD: endothelium-independent or endothelium-dependent, respectively.

Objectives:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of CZT-SPECT for the diagnosis of MVD and the different mechanisms involved in patients with INOCA.

Materials and Methods

: A total of 93 consecutive INOCA patients were prospectively included and underwent dynamic MPI with CZT-SPECT at rest and with dipyridamole stress test and CPT. THe MBF was quantified using 4DM® software. A MFR response to dipyridamole <2, and changes in MBF (∆MBF) <1.5 with CPT were considered abnormal responses. MVD was defined in the presence of one abnormal response or both.

Results:

CZT-SPECT detected MVD in 85% (n=79) of the patients with INOCA. Forty-two percent had an abnormal response to both stressors while 43% presented an abnormal response of MBF only with CPT.

Conclusion:

The use of CZT-SPECT with both stress tests allowed the evaluation of different possible pathophysiological mechanisms of MVD present in most patients with INOCA.

Palabras clave : Microvascular blood flow; Vascular endothelium; Vascular smooth muscle; SPECT.

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