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Revista argentina de cardiología

versión On-line ISSN 1850-3748


MASSON, WALTER et al. High Lipoprotein(a) Levels and Risk of Aortic Valve Stenosis Related Clinical Events: A Systematic Review. Rev. argent. cardiol. [online]. 2022, vol.90, n.3, pp.224-230.  Epub 01-Jun-2022. ISSN 1850-3748.


Several studies have evaluated the association between lipoprotein(a) plasma levels [Lp(a)] and the occurrence of aortic valve stenosis related events, with contradictory results.


The main objective of this systematic review was to analyze the predictive capacity of elevated Lp(a) levels on major clinical events associated with aortic valve stenosis.


This systematic review was conducted in accordance with PRISMA and STROBE recommendations. A search was carried out in order to identify studies with a cohort design evaluating the association between Lp(a) levels and the events of interest. The primary endpoint was the incidence of clinical events related with aortic valve stenosis (aortic valve replacement, death or hospitalization). This review was registered in PROSPERO.


Seven observational studies with a total of 58 783 patients were eligible for analysis. Our findings showed that the presence of elevated Lp(a) levels was associated with an increased risk of events related with aortic valve stenosis in most of the studies evaluated (between 70% and approximately 3-fold higher risk), despite adjusting for other risk factors.


This review suggests that elevated Lp(a) levels are associated with a higher incidence of aortic valve stenosis related clinical events. However, considering the limitations of this study, the clinical usefulness of Lp(a) as a prognostic marker in aortic valve disease should be confirmed in future investigations.

Palabras clave : Lipoprotein (a); Aortic valve stenosis; Aortic valve replacement; Mortality; Systematic review.

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