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versão On-line ISSN 1851-0027


DRUC, Isabelle  e  RODRIGUEZ, Mauricio Uribe. A VOLCANO IN CERAMIC: INDICATIONS OF PRODUCTION IN THE ISLUGA PLATEAU, TARAPACÁ - CHILE. Comechingonia [online]. 2018, vol.22, n.1, pp.1-10. ISSN 1851-0027.

The petrographic study of 23 ceramic thin sections of different proto historic styles and time periods (Inca Colonial, Ethnographic Colonial and Late Ethnographic) of six villages from the communities of Isluga and Cariquima (Aymara Markas) in the north Chilean high Andes allowed us to  establish  the  first  compositional  data  base  for  this  region. While the ceramics present similar pyroclastic compositions with much pumice and glass shards, small variations help us distinguish the ceramics of the two Markas or Aymara ceremonial villages, distant some 20 km. As such, it seems possible to determine if the vessel fragments found in the sacred village of Isluga were produced in the Isluga or Cariquima Markas based on mineral and chemical compositions. Also, this type of pyroclastic composition characteristic of the Altiplano of the Isluga region is not seen in ceramics found in the Tarapacá Valley (coast, pampa and piedmonts), differing from the composition of the ceramic styles of the Formative and beginning of the Late Intermediate Periods before 1.140 A.D. However, to trace distribution and interaction networks within and between these regions we still need to analyze coetaneous ceramic styles and to identify technological identity that will underline participation networks to different socio-economic and cultural groups.

Palavras-chave : petrography, technical style, South-Central Andes, ethnographic pottery.

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