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Anuario de investigaciones

On-line version ISSN 1851-1686

Abstract

MIKULIC, Isabel María; CASSULLO, Gabriela Livia; CRESPI, Melina Claudia  and  MARCONI, Araceli. Beck Hopelessness Scale BHS (A. Beck, 1974): psychometric study and standardization of Argentinian Adaptation. Anu. investig. [online]. 2009, vol.16, pp. 365-373. ISSN 1851-1686.

Present study aims to show adaptation process, validation procedures and standardization norms for Beck Hopelessness Scale BHS (A. Beck, 1974; Argentinian Version: I.M. Mikulic, 1998). Argentinian Adaptation underwent a "back translation" process and it has been validated in an intentional sample of 377 participants residing in Buenos Aires Province and Federal District ages between 18 and 50 years old (Mean: 28; SD: 7.9). Internal consistency has been analyzed, also factorial, predictive, differential and concurrent validity have been demonstrated. Alpha coefficient of reliability has shown to be acceptable. Correlations with Argentinian Adaptation Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) have proven to be significative, especially with items assessing pesimism. Regression analysis was performed and 16% of the BDI variance were explained. Factorial Analysis with Principal Components and Varimax Rotation identifies three factors explaining 54.8% of the total variance. Low correlations or none were found regarding education level, age and gender. Local norms are presented for Buenos Aires Province and Federal District. According to preliminary results obtained with this BHS adaptation, it is possible to support that this Scale assesses a psychologically significant construct for our social context and it can be used with "screening" purposes in different applied psychological fields.

Keywords : Hoplessness; BHS Scale; Psychometric Properties; Adapted Version; Psychometric Studies.

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