Anuario de investigaciones
versão ISSN 1851-1686
SANCHEZ, Federico José et al. Developmet effects on working memory and category learning in children. Anu. investig. [online]. 2009, vol.16, pp. 307-312. ISSN 1851-1686.
Age-related differences have been reported in the performance of several frontal lobe-dependent tasks, including working memory (Luciana and Nelson, 1998; Luna et al. 2001; Bunge et al., 2002). Effects of age and gender on working memory have been found in children (Vuontela et. al, 2003). On the other hand, category learning has also been associated with frontal lobe activity (Dickins, 2000; Schlund 2007). The present study addressed the effects of age and gender on working memory and category learning, in 8-13 year old children. Age and gender effects were found on the working memory task, and age effects only were observed on category learning. The results suggest that working memory performance might be associated with processing speed in the category learning task.
Palavras-chave : Learning; Equivalence relation; Working memory.