Anuario de investigaciones
versão On-line ISSN 1851-1686
MILMANIENE, Magali Paula. The indigenous community and its rights: debates on ethical research in social science. Anu. investig. [online]. 2010, vol.17, pp. 287-297. ISSN 1851-1686.
A critical analysis of the main documents of ethics of research is carried out ─Nüremberg Code (1947), Helsinki Declaration (1964), Belmont Report Ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects in research (1979), International ethical guidelines for biomedical research involving human subject CIOMSOMS, (1982) and UNESCO Declaration on bioethics and human rights (2005)─. Those documents focus on the protection of individual autonomy. Also, some critical philosophy and ethics views that challenge the hegemony of this ethics conception are analyzed. Finally, through the Indigenous yanomami community from Brazil as a case analysis, it will be considered how social research with indigenous communities challenges the autonomous perspective and allows presenting a communitarian view on ethics.
Palavras-chave : Ethics; Research; Community; Autonomy.