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versión On-line ISSN 1851-1686


JAUME, Luis; CERVONE, Nélida; QUATTROCCHI, Paula  y  BIGLIERI, Jorge. The system justification: contributions for the construction of an interdisciplinary dialogue. Anu. investig. [online]. 2015, vol.22, n.1, pp.207-212. ISSN 1851-1686.

The system justification theory states that individuals justify and rationalize the social systems to which they belong, so that the political, economic and social decission tend to be perceived as fair and legitimate although these may affect them and damaging (Jost & Banaji, 1994). This phenomenon has been studied mainly from a sociological approach with a marxist perspective, realizing how dominant groups disseminate ideas that justify and maintain social hierarchies that promote inequality in society (Marx & Engels, 1846/1991). From this perspective, the dominated groups would ind themselves alienated, unaware of domination of which they are subject, as awareness of their condition would lead to revolt (Sidanius & Pratto, 1999). While this perspective has enjoyed a wide consensus (Sidanius & Pratto, 1999), Jost (2007), from political psychology approach, considered incomplete since the acceptance of ideas that justify and maintain social hierarchies is not necessarily a conscious activity, conducted actively and deliberate, but rather it may be the result of the psychological benefits offered by the individual, as the perception of an ordered and controllable facilitating a reduction in anxiety (Jost & Hunyady, 2002).The aim of this paper is to analyze the theoretical and conceptual differences between the two perspectives in order to generate contributions for the construction of an interdisciplinary dialogue.

Palabras clave : Justification; System; Alienation; Psychological benefits.

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