versión ISSN 1851-1694
GOROSITO KRAMER, Ana María. Liderazgos guaraníes: breve revisión histórica y nuevas notas sobre la cuestión. Avá [online]. 2006, n.9, pp. 11-27. ISSN 1851-1694.
The interpretation proposed by P. Clastres in his very known article "Interchange and power: philosophy of the indigenous headquarters "(In the society against the State), about the selection of the indigenous leaderships in South America - specially in the South America Low lands - it tried to give account of a dynamic and fluid conception of headquarters, whose foundation responded to modalities of the interchange and redistribution. Nevertheless, the gradual process of cooptation of leaders and the manipulation of mechanisms of headquarters 's selection, product of the advance of regional and national fronts of extension on indigenous areas, has operated -and still does-, through his crystallization and freezing. These exogenous processes of construction of headquarters appeal, however, to an assumption respect to the social and political organization of indigenous, mentioning inclusively ethnographies to support their actions. This paper is not directed to add a new critical revision of Clastres' s text, already excessively analyzed, but to a revision of the external interventions to the guaraní society, considering very specially those that have been verified in Misiones (Argentina) from 1960 to the present time.
Palabras llave : Indigenous leaderships; Guaraní society; External interventions.