Ciencia, docencia y tecnología
On-line version ISSN 1851-1716
PETRUCCI, Liliana Cecilia. Relations with "the other": d'Orbigny and Darwin at the Paraná River. Cienc. docencia tecnol. [online]. 2012, n.44, pp. 137-170. ISSN 1851-1716.
The travels of nineteenth century European Naturalists are linked to the re-invention of America as "nature". The narratives of two nineteenth century naturalist travelers will be studied in their relationship with "the other one", matter which is a main topic in their travels and recognition of the coasts of the Paraná River. We will focus on the narratives of Alcides d'Orbigny -French Naturalist- and Charles Darwin -British-. In the first case, some references to nature are the excuse to vindicate the traveler's own culture. In the second naturalist writing, circumscriptive and self-controlled by his work and knowledge, appears (according to our reading) linked to most frankly ethnocentric vindications, with a nationalist tinge in dispute with colonizers. The relationship with "the other/the otherness" will be analyzed, taking into account how the "other" is constructed, in relation to the order of discourse at the time and to the social imaginary implied.
Keywords : Cultural history; European naturalist travellers; Social imaginaries; Otherness.