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Estudios y perspectivas en turismo

On-line version ISSN 1851-1732


FERNANDES DE SANTANA, Vladimir; FONTES FILHO, Joaquim Rubens  and  BARROSO ROCHA, Saulo. Gestión local de recursos de uso común en turismo: La perspectiva de Elinor Ostrom. Estud. perspect. tur. [online]. 2015, vol.24, n.1, pp.56-75. ISSN 1851-1732.

Local Management of Common Pool Resources in Tourism. The Approach of Elinor Ostrom. The paper aims to explore the approaches of Elinor Ostrom related to the governance of common pool of resources in the tourism sector based on a case study in a conservation area in Brazil, analyzing the mechanisms of organization and institutionalization of practices of collective management. The work of the author, the Nobel Prize for Economics in 2009, contributed to review the previous thought that prior to the inability of the collective management of spaces and use of common pool resources, demonstrating that local communities are able to manage their resources in a sustainable manner, within appropriate institutional arrangement. The methodology is based on a case study of the application of recognized success in terms of management, the Parque Estadual da Ilha do Cardoso, in Brazil, a place of particular importance for the preservation of local culture, the environment, as well as to scientific studies and eco-tourism. The information relating to the operation of the local council and the characteristics and expectations of the population of the Park were gathered in the testimonies of residents and managers, from non-structured interview. The Article proposes both reveal the elements of a situation of self-management and self-governance policies of natural resources as relate to the application of the ideas of Elinor Ostrom to the tourism sector.

Keywords : Elinor Ostrom; Common pool resources; Governance; Tourism.

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