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Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica

versión On-line ISSN 1851-2372


FLAMINI, Marco; ROBLEDO, Gerardo L  y  SUAREZ, María E. Nombres y clasificaciones de los hongos según los campesinos de La Paz (Valle de Traslasierra, Córdoba, Argentina). Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. [online]. 2015, vol.50, n.3, pp.265-289. ISSN 1851-2372.

Ethnomycology is considered a subfield of ethnobiology that studies the roles of fungi in different cultures. The study of the names that people give to the elements of their environment is a useful starting point for elucidating the underlying nomenclatural patterns, and for understanding the ways in which people conceptualize, perceive, value and classify them. In Argentina, and specifically in the province of Córdoba, the data available in the literature about the relationships and knowledge of fungi among different peoples are scarce and fragmentary. In order to contribute to modify this situation, a qualitative ethnomycological research was carried out among peasants of La Paz, which focused on the study of those topics. Data were collected through open interviews, walks through the area and participant observation. 26 local names were registered for the 31 fungal species that were studied. Names were linguistically analyzed, and results show that peasants group these species in nine categories, based mainly on morphological and substrate characteristics. Based on these results, an ethnoclassificatory scheme of the species is proposed, which shows that vernacular categories occasionally overlap and do not define an absolutely hierarchical system.

Palabras clave : Ethnobiology; Mycology; Ethnomycology; Traditional knowledge; Ethnotaxonomy; Linguistics.

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