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Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica

versión On-line ISSN 1851-2372


FLAMINI, MARCO; SUAREZ, MARÍA EUGENIA  y  ROBLEDO, GERARDO. Hongos Útiles Y Tóxicos Según Los Yuyeros De La Paz Y Loma Bola (Valle De Traslasierra, Córdoba, Argentina). Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. [online]. 2018, vol.53, n.2, pp.1-10. ISSN 1851-2372.

Useful and toxic fungi according to the "yuyeros" of La Paz and Loma Bola (Valle de Traslasierra, Córdoba, Argentina). The importance of macrofungi -in both, practical and symbolic terms-among the different cultures can be appreciated in elements of their traditional art, mythology or material culture, and in the diversity of uses that they have; besides, they constitute an important source of monetary income and food for many families all over the world. In Argentina, and particularly in the province of Córdoba, published ethnomycological data are scarce and fragmentary. In order to contribute to reverse this situation, a qualitative ethnomycological research was carried out among Criollo peasants of the towns of La Paz and Loma Bola (Córdoba). Data were obtained through open interviews, the "walks-through-the-environment" technique, gathering of fungi and participant observation. Thirty one species were studied; 12 of them are used for one or more purposes, and 10 have some level of toxicity, according to the interviewees. A detailed description and analysis of the knowledge and uses of medicinal, ornamental, veterinary, dyeing and food species is presented. Vernacular knowledge allows people to discern among toxic and food species. The analysis of the results suggests that fungi are relevant for local peasants, and highlight the necessity and importance of the recovery and conservation of native forests of Córdoba.

Palabras clave : Ethnobiology, mycology, ethnomycology, traditional knowledge, lichens, mushrooms, macrofungi..

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