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Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica

versão On-line ISSN 1851-2372


CALIFANO, Laura M.. Grazing Management: knowledge and practices of fodder species Management in transhumant livestock farming in Iruya (Salta, Argentina). Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. [online]. 2020, vol.55, n.3, pp.1-10. ISSN 1851-2372.

Background and aims: In the NW of Argentina, Iruya (Salta, Arg.), there are systems of subsistence with cattle extensive management of grazing by family units. They have peasant characteristics, traditional management guidelines, community agreements and a strategy of transhumance in the use of different environmental units. M&M: Ethnobiological methodology was used to record the manifestations of the biocultural system, the analysis is qualitative with quantitative contributions in the interpretation of the data. Results: Eighty-one ethnospecies were identified between wild and cultivated, two vernacular classification systems (one for cattle management and others for forage resource management). A scheme of the availability of fodder in the annual cycle was constructed, based on the supplementation strategies. A livestock management system was observed with two levels of management, one private by the families and the other by the community organization. Conclusions: The livestock for his society is a practice of subsistence, from the management of environmental units and their resources; their knowledge of the natural environment influences the interaction between vegetables.

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