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Revista argentina de endocrinología y metabolismo

versión On-line ISSN 1851-3034


ROJKIND, A et al. Resistance to Thyroid Hormones (RTH): Description of a new mutation. Rev. argent. endocrinol. metab. [online]. 2009, vol.46, n.2, pp.17-24. ISSN 1851-3034.

Introduction: Resistance to thyroid hormones (RTH) is an unusual autosomal dominant inherited disorder characterized by a reduced target organ responsiveness to thyroid hormones. RTH is linked to the gene encoding the thyroid receptor β (TR β). This syndrome is characterized by persistent high levels of total and free T4 and T3 while TSH is not inhibited. Materials and Methods: 62 years old female who underwent a partial thyroidectomy because of goiter forty years ago. Clinically, she seemed to be an euthyroid patient and her hemodynamic status was normal. The exams revealed the existence of a benign thyroid nodule, high levels of total and free thyroid hormones and normal values of TSH. Our diagnostic impression was RTH, though differential diagnosis with thyrotropin secreting pituitary adenoma was mandatory. Complete assays of thyroid hormones were performed in the patient and in two first degree relatives. Basal LH, FSH and prolactin were assayed in the patient; and a magnetic resonance imaging of her pituitary gland was obtained. Finally we performed genetic testing in patient's DNA and a relative's DNA to demonstrate gene defect. Results: According to our diagnostic impression, not only the patient's laboratory was compatible with RTH, but so was the laboratory of the two relatives. DNA mutation analisys demonstrated a new mutation in exon 10: c.1339C>A responsible for the substitution p.P447T. This mutation was found in DNA of the patient and DNA of her relative. Conclusion: This patient with RTH, as well as other reported cases, reminds us about the importance of a certain and early diagnosis of this rare disorder in order to avoid iatrogenic treatments. A new mutation is described in this family.

Palabras clave : Resistance to thyroid hormones; Mutation of thyroid hormone receptor; Thyrotoxicosis; Goiter; Inappropriate TSH.

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