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Revista Pilquen

versión On-line ISSN 1851-3123

Resumen

AGUIRRE, Carla Sabrina. Indigenous people's access to property rights in land during the territorial period. Reflections on a case study: Correntoso Lake, National Territory of Neuquen, 1902-1943. Rev. Pilquen. secc. cienc. soc. [online]. 2020, vol.23, n.4, pp.63-78. ISSN 1851-3123.

After conquering the lands inhabited by indigenous people by force, begun the constitution of land markets that sought the development of " civilization" and capital. The indigenous were thought unfit to star these developments, and access to land property was denied for them in various ways. In this paper, we analyze a case file from the Nahuel Huapi National Park, that allows us to follow the footsteps of two indigenous families as they tried to gain property rights in lands given in 1902 to them by a national concession. The file proves to be a remarkable tool to observe how the land market was built, as it reveals the net of complicities present in a territorial space in which National State kept an ambiguous presence, given its urge to control it, on the one hand, and the inexistence of real citizenship in it, on the other. Local instances of problem solving, individuals thought of as desirable land owners and social imaginaries appear working against indigenous access to land property, until a new context brings the need of assuring those lands exit public domain, in order to make them private so they could be sold in the future.

Palabras clave : Indigenous History; National Territory; Land market.

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