Documentos y aportes en administración pública y gestión estatal
versión On-line ISSN 1851-3727
WILKINS, Rogers. El Federalismo en Australia: La cuestión de las transferencias de fondos. Doc. aportes adm. pública gest. estatal [online]. 2007, n.9, pp. 27-33. ISSN 1851-3727.
Pointing out aspects of the Australian federalism, the subject matter on fund transference between the federal government and the provincial ones is approached. Differences among states and the vertical fiscal imbalance in Australia are compensated, in part, with the implementation of the fiscal equalization criterion carried out by the Commission of Subsidies. By means of technical procedures and aiming to achieve equity in accessing public properties and services thorughout the territory, the state's capacities to collect and the state's welfare cost are considered while a fund distribution form is recommended. Thereby, such federal fiscal system allows the coexistence among unequal state-members. Lastly, it is mentioned that half of the transferences are made in accordance with such criterion and the rest by"conditioned funds" through which the central state defines politics in the provinces.
Palabras llave : Fund transference; Vertical fiscal imbalance; Fiscal equalization.