Documentos y aportes en administración pública y gestión estatal
versión On-line ISSN 1851-3727
WADE, Robert H.. Reubicando al Estado: Lecciones de la experiencia de desarrollo del este asiático. Doc. aportes adm. pública gest. estatal [online]. 2008, n.10, pp. 7-28. ISSN 1851-3727.
This paper summarizes the understanding of some of the roles of the state in economic development in capitalist East Asia (South Korea, Taiwan, Japan), first in the post-Second World War decades, then in the last decade or so, and it is related to the consensus that Eastern European countries pretend to set up in their catch up development strategies. The argument is that these countries are focusing on Western European and North American experience of free market, but little attention is pay to the East Asia experience of developmental state, and thus, they are missing the opportunity to learn of how to "govern the market", strategies that were very effective in accelerating the transformation of the economy into higher value-added activities, with a skilled bureaucracy but not very sophisticated one, and very modest industrial policy tools. In contrast to what usually sustain by liberal and free market perspective, it is emphasized that there is a body of theory at hand to support a strategy of governing the market in a developing country context.
Palabras clave : Industrial policy; Developmental state; East Asia; Development strategies.